i̯u-1

    i̯u-1
    English meaning: you (pl.)
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “ihr”
    Grammatical information: originally only nom.; case oblique of stem u̯ē̆s-, u̯ō̆s- (from *i̯u̯es, *i̯u̯os?)
    Material: 1. O.Ind. yuvám “ihr” Du., yūyá m pl., Av. yūžǝm, gathAv. yūš; Arm. nachwirkend in den with je- anlaut. case e.g. dat. jez (e after mez “nobis”, k”ez “tibi”); Goth. jūs “ihr” pl. otherwise after “wir” (see u̯e-) reshaped O.Ice. ér, O.E. gē, O.S. gī̆ , ge, O.H.G. ir; Du. Goth. *ju-t (: Lith. jù-du), otherwise after “wir” reshaped O.Ice. it, O.E. O.S. git; Lith. jū́ s, Ltv. jũs, pr. ioūs, iaūs “ihr” pl., Lith. jù-du “ihr both”; O.Pruss. iouson, Lith.jū́ sų, Ltv. jũsu “euer”. u̯ē̆s-, u̯ō̆s-: O.Ind. vaḥ, Av. vü̊ enkl. for acc. gen. dat. pl., Dual. O.Ind. vüm; of acc. *ussme (= Lesb. ὔμμε) from with Ü bernahme of nominative i̯- O.Ind. yuṣmǘn acc. (etc.), Av. abl. yūšmat̃ ; Gk. Lesb. ὔμμε (*us-sm-), Dor. ὑμέ acc., out of it nom. Lesb. ὔμμες, Dor. ὑμές, as well as Att. ὑμεῖς etc.; Alb. ju “ihr” from *u = O.Ind. vaḥ with hiatustilgendem j-; Also Alb. juve “you”, jush “from you” Lat. vōs (= Av. acc. pl. vü̊ ?), pälign. vus “vos” and “vobis”, Lat. vester, Umbr. uestra “vestrü”; O.Pruss. wans acc.; O.C.S. nom. acc. pl. vy, gen. pl. vasъ, dat. pl. vamъ, instr. pl. vami; Hitt. šu-(um-)me-es (sumes) from *usme (compare Pedersen Hitt. 75 f); Toch. A yas, В yes (das y from the 1. pl.). Besides with anlaut su̯ : O.Ir. sī, sissi “ihr” (uai-b “from euch” under likewise from *ō-su̯ī), Welsh etc. chwi “ihr” (das -ī < -*oi of nom. pl. the o-stem?); Ir. far n. “euer”, indala-sür “the eine from euch beiden”, sethar “euer” (compare Thurneysen Gk. p. 449), and with anlaut esu̯- Goth. izwis “euch”, izwara “euer”, O.Ice. yðr, yðuar ds., WestGmc. without s (i.e. probably with s- reduction) O.H.G. iuwih “euch” (acc.), iuwēr “euer” etc.; perhaps is also Gk. σφώ “ihr both” after dem Reflexivum, where *σFε- through σφε- abgelöst wurde, an die place an älteren *σFω getreten.
    References: WP. I 209 f., Trautmann 110, 364, Schwyzer Gk. I 600 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.